Affective domain describes learning objectives that emphasize a feeling tone, an emotion, or a degree of acceptance or rejection.
David Krathwol’s Taxonomy of Affective domain
Affective Learning Competencies
Instructional Objectives – specific, measurable, short-term, observable student behaviors.
- foundation upon which you can build lessons and assessments that you can prove to meet your over-all course or lesson goals.
- ensures that learning is focused clearly enough that both students and teachers know what is going on, and so learning can be objectively measure.
Quantitative terms used in affective domain
1. Receiving 2. Responding 3. Valuing 4. Organization 5. Characterization
Attitudes – a mental predisposition to act that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favor or disfavor.
Values – generally refers to mental orientations towards concepts.
Affective components of attitude
1. Cognitions. Statement of beliefs and expectations which vary from one individual to the next.
2. Affect. Refers to feelings with respect to the focal object.
3. Behavioral Intentions. Our goals, aspirations, and our expected responses to the attitude object.
4. Evaluation. Central component of attitude.
Why study attitudes?
Attitudes influence the way person acts and think in a social communities we belong. They can function as frameworks and references for forming conclusions and interpreting or acting for or against an individual, a concept or an idea. It influences behavior. People will behave in ways consistent with their attitudes.
Motivation – a reason or set of reasons for engaging in a particular behavior. The reasons include basic needs, object, goal, state of being, ideal that is desirable. Motivation also refers to initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of human behavior.
THEORIES IN MOTIVATION
Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs theory is the most widely discussed theory of motivation.